4 Spell-Binding Handloom Fabric Dyeing Techniques in India

The traditional prints of India date back centuries ago. India is home to a myriad of textile dyeing and fabric techniques that are applauded & celebrated all over the world. 

If we look at the textile dyeing techniques of different states then we’ll notice that each region boasts of different styles, techniques & textures that bring about a different output. 

Even though the printing techniques were crude in the olden days, much has changed as time passed and many women are actively preferring handicraft apparel. Read on to know about some of the most amazing handloom fabric dyeing techniques if you want to add some handmade outfits to your wardrobe.

4 Beautiful Handloom Fabric Dyeing Techniques in India

1. Kalamkari

This beautiful dyeing technique originated in Andhra Pradesh. The designs of the Kalamkari prints take inspiration from paintings made by scholars, singers & poets about Hindu Mythology stories. These paintings eventually resulted in the Kalamkari prints that we see today.

The technique behind this fabric is quite complicated. The fabric first undergoes a stiffening & drying process after which it is put through different printing phases according to the required color schemes. Artisans use wax to dye specific areas in blue colors whereas the rest of the areas are hand-painted (with a bamboo stick).

These prints feature Mahabharata & Ramayana as the primary themes and the printing technique depicts the past glory of India. So, if you ever get a chance to grab a Kalamkari Printed outfit then don’t miss it!

2. Bagh

With origins in the Bagh district of Madhya Pradesh, this hand Block Printing technique uses naturally sourced colors on the fabric. Most Bagh prints draw inspiration from the paintings of mushrooms, flowers and the Taj Mahal!

The Bagh fabric dyeing process can be easily carried out on a wide range of fabrics like Silk, Chiffon, Cotton and many more. This process utilizes bright colors, geometric designs and chemical properties of the river to achieve alluring color shades.

You’ll come across different types of apparel such as sarees, scarves, shalwar kameez or covers for tables and cushions that feature alluring Bagh prints. Feel like shopping? Grab some of these Bagh printed garments or accessories to make a style statement in your home, at the workplace or during special events.

3. Dabu

Rajasthan is home to a variety of fabric dyeing & printing techniques out of which Dabu is one. 

The Dabu (Daboo) is basically a labour-intensive & painstaking Resist Dyeing/printing process that involves:

  • Various phases of washing 
  • Followed by Hand Printing 
  • And utilization of mud resist & drying

You’ll find these traditional Indian prints on a variety of silhouettes such as kurtas, sarees and suits. Apart from this, Dabu prints are also available on home décor items. While cotton is the most widely used fabric for Dabu printing other fabrics such as georgette, silk and crepe are also used.

The Dabu prints are usually traditional and draw inspiration from motifs, plants and flowers. So, the next time you visit a handloom exhibition, make it a point to ask for a Dabu printed garment or home décor item.

4. Sanganeri

The Sanganeri is another amazing hand block printing technique from Rajasthan that uses wooden blocks for the printing process.

Did you know that this fabric printing process dates back almost 5 centuries back? But still, this traditional Indian print still holds a special place among craftsmen and weavers. This beautiful technique results in spell-binding prints that comprise flowers, floral designs with buds, mangoes, leaves & jhumkas too!

These are 4 popular handloom fabric dyeing techniques in India that you should know about. Want to get some gorgeous handloom outfits? Simply head over to Triyah  to check out and add some amazing handcrafted apparel to your wardrobe.